Today (28 January 2015) the Supreme Court has given judgment in the case of
Michael and others v. Chief Constable of South Wales Police and Chief
Constable of Gwent Police. This is a landmark case dealing with fatal
domestic violence against women and police accountability. Hopkin Murray
Beskine acted for Welsh Women’s Aid, who intervened in the Supreme Court
in support of the family of Joanna Michael, along with Refuge and Liberty.
We continue to strongly support the family’s quest for justice for Joanna
In August 2009 Joanna Michael was stabbed to death in Cardiff by her
ex-partner when waiting for a police response to two 999 calls. In her
first call Joanna had made clear that her life had been threatened by her
former partner. She said she had been assaulted by her ex-partner and he
had left in a car, saying he would return to kill her. However, the threat
to her life was not passed on by the call handler. When the information was
received by a police patrol the response was downgraded in priority. She
made a further call which ended in her screaming. Tragically, when the
police arrived she had died. Her ex-partner is now serving a life sentence
for her murder.
The police have accepted that the handling of Joanna’s calls was seriously
defective. In 2010 the Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC)
found that she was failed by Gwent Police, South Wales Police and the 999
system itself. The IPCC’s independent report was highly critical of both
systemic and individual failings in the case.
Since Joanna’s killing her family have sought to obtain justice for her.
Her family have brought civil claims against South Wales Police and Gwent
Police under the Human Rights Act 1998, for breach of the right to life
protected by Article 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights, and for
negligence. The Court of Appeal’s judgment in this case had allowed
consideration of whether the police could be held liable under the Human
Rights Act 1998 for a failure to take reasonable steps to protect Joanna’s
right to life and prevent her murder. The police appealed against this
finding to the Supreme Court. At the same time Joanna’s family’s appealed
to the Supreme Court against the Court of Appeal’s finding that it is not
possible under English Law for a police force to be liable in the law of
negligence for its handling of emergency calls.
In its judgment the Supreme Court has unanimously rejected the appeal by
Gwent and South Wales police, finding that the issue of whether the police
response violated Joanna’s right to life should go to trial. However, the
Court (by a 5 to 2 majority) also rejected the family’s appeal, finding
that under English Law, at present, the police cannot be held liable in
negligence in relation to the handling of emergency calls.
A copy of the judgment can be found here
More information about the case and a statement by Welsh Women’s Aid can be
found here :
More information about Welsh Women’s Aid is available